Chapter 13 bankruptcy allows a person to consolidate the debt while making convenient monthly payments to a trustee. A payment plan is proposed which repays the debt over a three to five year period. The amount of the monthly payment and the length of the repayment plan is based upon the following factors:
Secured debts are paid 100% on the dollar, while unsecured debts may be paid less than 100% on the dollar. A person receives a discharge under Chapter 13 once the payment plan is completed.